Canadian Citizenship Requirements

To become a Canadian citizen, most applicants must:

  • be a permanent resident
  • have lived in Canada for at least 3 out of the last 5 years (1,095 days)
  • have filed your taxes, if you need to
  • pass a citizenship test
  • prove your language skills in English or French

Furthermore, the following issues could affect your eligibility:

  • You have outstanding terms and conditions on your permanent resident status
  • You have a criminal record or face charges inside or outside Canada for a criminal offense
  • You have received an order to leave Canada
  • You have been refused Canadian citizenship because of misrepresentation
  • Your Canadian citizenship has been revoked

Permanent Resident Status (PR Card)

Regardless of your age, if you’re applying for citizenship, you must have a PR Card in Canada.

This means you must not:

  • be under review for immigration or fraud reasons
  • be asked by Canadian officials to leave Canada (removal order)
  • have unfulfilled conditions related to your PR status, for example, medical screening

How to Apply for Canadian Citizenship

1. Get an application package

The application package includes the instruction guide and all the forms you need to fill out. Use the instruction guide and the document checklist to make sure you don’t miss anything. Make sure you use a version of the application form dated October 2017 or later. 

2. Pay the application fees

Your fees depend on whether you’re an adult (age 18 and over) or a minor. Your fees may include:

  • the processing fee
  • the right of citizenship fee

If you’re submitting more than one application at the same time, you can pay all the fees together.

3. Submit your application

You must be eligible for Canadian citizenship the day before you sign the application form.

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